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BBC World News

News/Business. Matt Frei, Katty Kay. International issues. (CC) (Stereo)




Annapolis, MD, USA

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U.s. 9, Hezbollah 8, Egypt 5, Pakistan 5, Moscow 4, China 4, Mohamed Morsi 3, Edward Snowden 3, Morsi 3, Us 3, Cairo 3, Osama Bin 2, Evo Morales 2, Garrison Town 2, Beirut 2, Beijing 2, Bolivia 2, Us Here 1, Paul 1, Eu 1,
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  WHUT    BBC World News    News/Business. Matt Frei, Katty Kay.  
   International issues. (CC) (Stereo)  

    July 9, 2013
    7:00 - 7:30am EDT  

welcome. in cairo, egypt's interim president has announced a timetable holding fresh elections. the muslim brotherhood says it takes the country back to square one. it has colder the people to take to the the streets again in protest today. -- it has called the people to take to the streets again in protest today. we go to the main protest area for supporters of president morsi. >> you join us here at the mosque at the time of noon prayers. not just to offer prayers to the dead, more than 50 people killed just down the street from here at republican guard headquarters, but also a time of anger over the politics. in the past few hours we have seen people chanting saying, president morsi must be returned
to power. until then, they say there will be no dialogue. have rejected the mode -- roadmap announced last night by the interim presidency. they're not the only ones dissatisfied with the transition. a rebellion movement which galvanized the latest protests also insist they were not consulted. there is tension in places like this in disarray in the back rooms or the political protest is being discussed. -- where the political protest is big discussed. >> supporters of former president morsi still shocked and bruised after yesterday's violence. power andcheated of are in no mood to accept anything the new interim president says. >> i don't accept the declaration of the constitution yesterday. of course, no one voted for the interim president. he is legitimate, so people will
not not recognize any decision he makes. >> mohamed morsi is my president and i voted for him. i will defend my vote until i become a martyr, like the people who were killed yesterday. >> around 50 pro-morsi supporters were killed yesterday as the army opened fire on them. protesters claim it was unprovoked. the army says it was attacked first. the division between the two sides is steeper than ever. all of this only aggravates the crisis in egypt's economy. many banks are closed. there are fears the country's thant deficit is far worse previously estimed. stability is key to a revival. >> from my point of view, we have the demonstrations to get the economy [indiscernible] hoping to get into a common opinion everyone agrees about.
will not encourage foreign investment or political trust. it is not the atmosphere for free and fair elections. the army is surrounding the protesters encampments. unless a compromise is agreed soon, more violent confrontations looked likely. and that is the concern now with forces in deadlock and confrontationnd calls for what the muslim brotherhood calls and intifada, all the risk of more violence at a time when tensions are already running high. on the other side of cairo in tahrir square, people have been gathering that with a very different message, saying the military had to act last week to restore the revolution. now, are competing camps trying to reclaim the mantle of the revolution while all the while concern grows for future stability here in egypt.
we will keep an eye on all of the developments. anin the immediate future, investigation ordered into yesterday's deaths? >> yes, an investigation was announced yesterday by the interim presidency adly monsoon were. he also called restraint on all sides. i have to say the people who are here have already ate up their minds. they describe the killing of more than 50 protesters just before dawn prayers, just down the street here as a massacre. people have asked whether they would consider the detailed version given by the army and police yesterday, saying they had to open fire, that they had come under attack. they say here they have different films would show it was unarmed, peaceful people at prayer who came under fire. so two very different narratives of what happened early yesterday morning, which contributes [indiscernible]
it does not really matter what the investigations say, it is what people believe happened, and they believe very differently accounts. >> thank you. in other news, in italy, the trial has begun as the captain of the wrecked cruiseship is facing multiple counts of manslaughter. the head of a theater in moscow is being sacked following a series of scandals. public row. -- attack with ordering the and still awaiting trial. thatesearch suggests times. a study of 10,000 children in
the uk from those who are found to stay up late had significantly worse math, english, and spatial awareness skills. girls seem to suffer more than boys if their sleep patterns were disturbed. in australian rugby team coach has resigned. he was the first foreign-born coach to replaced by a in australian national. negligence by pakistan allowed osama bin laden to live in a country undetected for more than nine years. the report by pakistani judicial commission revealed new details about the u.s. raid that killed him martin -- than laden and details about his life on air and. there has not been
any reaction at all from the government and it is almost a day since this report which released, containing withering criticism of the government intelligence agencies and the military about how they handle this critical episode in the countries recent history. he was the most wanted man on the planet. and yet the former al qaeda leader managed to spend nine years in pakistan without being detect did, according to the commission's report. and most of that time spent here s town where he had a large compound just one kilometer from the country's the commissiony members conclude this was all possible due to a collective failure of the military
authorities intelligence agencies, police, and civilian administration. this filly are included negligence, incompetence, and at some undetermined level, a grave complicity may or may not have been involved. there are not many intriguing details about his life on the run, including how he was one stopped for speeding. the policeman did not recognize them according to an eyewitness, and he was able to drive on. eventually, it was the americans who found him with president obama authorizing u.s. special forces to attack his compound two years ago. bin ladin was shot in what the report describes as a cminal act of murder, an act of war on pakistan, and the country's worst humiliation in more than 40 years.
but while this report is strong in his criticism of the pakistani authorities, what it does not do is reach any conclusions about whether elements within the intelligence services, the military, or the government deliberately sheltered osama bin laden and that is one of the key questions still to be answered in this whole episode. >> i wonder whether we will get an answer to that. who is a more critical of, would you say, the u.s. or the pakistani authorities? >> that is a good question. to be honest, overall, i think it is more critical of the pakistani authorities. much of the report is focused on that, looking in detail about how on earth of some able to move around with such ease and then of course that'll in the garrison town -- then settle in the garrison town. they go into a lot of details about how it seems inconceivable nobody would have noticed the strangeness of the place, no one
was ound, they did not have phone lines, television lines -- all of the normal stuff you onld expect. i think that is the pakistani authorities, in particular on the intelligence agencies. here the lead agency is the isi. the fact there really is very between theation security services and other organizations. >> and it will do little to improve that relationship between the u.s. and pakistan, no doubt. absolutely. the fact they have described the shooting of osama bin laden as a criminal act and saying it was an act of war two launch that tod, obviously, is not going help. it comes at a sensitive time because revenue government which is trying to establish relations with the united states, which is a very, very important ally to pakistan may look -- militarily and economically. it will be a tricky one and potentially tricky after the prime minister and his relations with the military here, which
has awesome and externally sensitive. >> thank you. please stay with us on bbc world news. still to come, the battle to breathe in beijing. how pollution is cutting life short for millions. >> bolivia has summoned the ambassadors of four eu countries to explain why the countries blocked president evo morales jet from air space last week or it he was returning home from moscow his airplane was forced to reroute in austria amid rumors edward snowden was on on board.-- >> bolivians were angry at how the president is being treated, they marched. making their way to the u.s. embassy, they demanded its closure. their protest comes after president evo morales was forced to land in australia last week. he had been on a visit to moscow.
the ambassadors of other countries have met the bolivian government, asking someone to explain why they close their airspace. it has been indicated by some european officials they were told the fugitive u.s. intelligence whistleblower edward snowden was on board the president's je relations with the u.s. and european union are tenuous inside the embassy they let off firecrackers and burn flags belonging to countries involved area did -- involved. companions as union workers, we insist the u.s. embassy he expelled. if they do not apologize, the bolivian people and the government, we will seek an expulsion of their ambassadors. the governments of bolivia and venezuela have confirmed that received a request for asylum from edward snowden, days after both countries confirm they would accept him. he will need to decide when to fly here. if he definitely wants to fly
here. the fact is, latin america is humanitarian territory and it is growing all the time. >> he is believed to be in a moscow transit area wanted by the u.s. for espionage. now, bolivians want answers, calling the episode an act of state terrorism. huge explosion on a busy street in the southern suburbs of beirut. the area, a stronghold of hezbollah. it happened near it -- near ending summit center. several were winded. we go live to the scene. paul, what is the update on what we know to have happened? see, this bomb was up area-- off in a built-
and the casualties were relatively slight. we don't think anyone was killed, although some 30 people sources are saying were injured, many of those going to the hospital. lotould have been a lot, more. further than that, the rest is speculation, especially if you look at the question of who might have done this area and >> tell us about the area itself. hezbollah's stronghold. >> this is a place where hezbollah is at its strongest and was the target of a rocket attack act in june. the relevance of that is the area. hezbollah is sending fighters to assist the syrian army in its battle with the rebels there and they were instrumental in the fall of the town about five or six weeks ago. a lot of people have speculated the syrian rebels have something to do with this, something to do with the last attack. the rebels said they deserve the hezbollah.tack some are talking about revenge
attacks and that sort of thing. someone reporting to be an fsa fighter has claimed responsibility. someone we know to be a senior fsa official has tonight either the man has anything to do with the rebel organization or that they had anything to do with this attack that you can see behind me. >> any significance to the timing coming before the holy month of from about begins? can only speculate. this is a time when families will come together with a great significant -- religious significance. you getis the time when extra religious credit. all of that is furthering the speculation on what their motives may have been. it is definitely not a good day for this to happen. local tv has been questioning, passing by all morning and seemed relaxed about the attack, although there were angry scenes earlier when the interior minister came.
a lot of people were questioning saying, look, we put up with a lot worse from the israelis in 2006. one woman said, this is just a firecracker. the risk is this is the second of these attacks, maybe there is a third or fourth. that could ramp up the sectarian factions, worried about serious civil war transferring over the border of lebanon. but i have heard some of our reporters suggesting this is an area usually well controlled by hezbollah and they have expressed surprise the security has been breached, if you can put it as such, in this way. >> absolutely in the heartland of hezbollah here. it is interesting hezbollah itself has not blamed any group organization for the attack. if they have any suspicions, they're keeping it to themselves. as to the question of security, although it is very heavily
controlled by has below, you can still drive a car and park it in a shopping center behind me where this thing went off and -- went off. unless you're going to stop every type of car, that type of attack is very difficult to prevent and they were not able to rent it today. >> how is it being reported in the media outlets their? herel the news channels were leading on all outlets. it was interesting. i was in a coffee shop and it happened and in the interior minister arrived. people were going about their business after the news of the attack. it all stopped when pictures of the jury are byister was being questioned an angry crowd. clear whosence -- a men had been involved in fighting with the army and hezbollah and people seem to
think the interior minister has not taken enough action to do with that problem. the sectarian issue is always bubbling below the stai surface. they're on the ground. people are surprisingly calm. although many people were injured, so far we understand what has been killed. >> thank you for that report from beirut. smoke is significantly shortening the lives of people in northern china according to a study. pollution from burning coal has significantly and reduced. the average life expectancy of millions of people in the country by some 5.5 years, also caused an increase in other illnesses such as lung cancer and stroke. a policy where residents were given free coal for heating had contributed to the poor health record. let's go to beijing in our correspondent who has been following this story.
tell us a little bit more by way of the facts around the system. are very stark finders. what the researchers have done is compare the size of the country with the north of the country. this has compared completion -- pollution rates with mortality rates from 1990 up to 2000. it is from that information, from that data, that they produced these stark figures, which they say is caused by pollution and they say if you live in the north of the country, in your life expectancy will be five years sharper -- shorter than the chinese living in the south of the country. once again is the cost of pollution to public health in china. >> and why is the north worse than the south? burning inmore coal the north of the country. this report is from 1950-1980.
the government handed out free coal. why? during the winter, and the north, they are bitterly cold so people get heating. in the south, there is no heating and that continues to this day. much of the heat continues to be produced by coal burning power plants, about 70% or so of china's energy's needs are met. a huge amount of pollution in the north of the country. >> as you say, the facts are stark. how much alarm hasn't raised? >> interestingly, we just checked all the major news they aren china, and not during this report from what we have seen. a few years back, a world bank issued a report in which about three quarters of a million people were dying prematurely every year because of china's
pollution. according to reports from that time, figures were suppressed. why? the authorities here did deeply nervous when numbers come into the equation. they know there's a huge amount of public anger over this issue, and they don't want to flame public anger further by mentioning the numbers. that appears to be what is happening here. >> i imagine as we did the city of london, except pollution to be just the case and that is what you get by living in the city. this provision with coal, i presume it is done with the best intentions. but one wonders what can be done about it now? >> that is interesting. this policy providing coal to people, that stopped in the 1980s. but what you see during the winter is heating provisions in the north of the country. what is interesting is the authorities say they are working to try to curb illusion. we saw the government speaking on this issue a few weeks back and they say heavily polluting
industries would face penalties if there was widespread pollution. we have had these policies before and i think the public remains deeply skeptical. certainly when you ask, they say the problem is not -- is the energy prices keep rising. they say the problem of pollution could actually get worse before it gets better. >> thank you, martin. women who were kidnapped and held captive in a house in cleveland, ohio for a decade, have spoken for the first time thanking the public for their support. the three were rescued from the house after one of the women escaped and called for help. the man accused of holding them captive has pleaded not guilty to the charges. i wantt and foremost, everyone to know how happy i am to be home with my family, my
friends. it has been unbelievable. i want to thank everyone who has helped me and my family through this entire ordeal. everyone who has been there to support us, it has been a blessing to have such an outpouring of love and kindness. i am getting stronger each day and i'm having my argosy -- and having my privacy has helped immensely. please give us time and privacy to have a normal life. toif you could say something each and every person out there who contributed money to your families to help you, what would you say? >> i would say thank you for your support free at -- support. >> i just want everyone to know i am doing just fine. i may have been through hell and back, but i am strong enough to walk through hell with a smile on my face and with my head held high. >> extraordinary.
that was released on youtube by the three women themselves. heavy rain storms in canada's largest city has caused flash flooding and power cuts. subway stations and 1400 passengers were left stranded for hours filling with water. some parts of the city have been drenched with more than 10 centimeters of rain. at least three times as much as the previous one-day rainfall record. coming up in the next half hour, power and its ability to corrupt. >> make sense of international news -- at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation of new york, stowe, vermont, and honolulu, newman's own foundation, giving
all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
hello. you're watching "newsline." i'm shery ahn. let's get started with the headlines. egypt's interim president is urging restraint in a climate of turmoil as he lays out plans for a civilian government. investigators are speaking
with survivors as they try to figure out what caused the plane to crash in san francisco. and shoppers can buy live chickens again in shanghai. their sale has been banned the past 2 1/2 months because of fears over the bird flu virus. egypt's interim president is calling for calm after days of unrest. supporters of ousted president mohamed morsi want to bring him back to power. they faced off against soldiers at a rally in cairo. at least a5 51 people were killed. chi aaki ishikawa reports. >> reporter: voted mohamed morsi into office a year ago. last week, they saw him removed from power. morsi's supporters camped outside the army barracks, where he is believed to be held.
troops moved in and opened fire. >> translator: a person beside me with his shot in the back and fell down. >> reporter: government and military officials showed video to support their defense. they say they burst into the building and then opened fire. the generals have name ed an interim president. he said egyptians will have a new constitution by the end of the year and he says next year they will vote in parliamentary and presidential elections. but major islamist groups, including morsi's power base, the muslim brothed,